Income Tax Deductions for Individuals: You may be aware of the deductions from gross total income available under Income Tax Act 1961. Those who have recently started making an income may not be aware as to what purpose is served by the facility of deduction available under the tax law. Well, deductions help in reducing the total taxable income of an individual and, thus, in saving the total tax to be paid by him/her. In this article we are going to discuss about some of the basic but important deductions which an individual should know:
Deduction of Rs.25,000 under section 80D on insurance for self, spouse and dependent children can be claimed by an Individual. An additional deduction for insurance of parents is available up to Rs 25,000, if they are less than 60 years of age. If the parents are aged above 60, the deduction amount is Rs 50,000, which has been increased in Budget 2018 from Rs 30,000.
In case, both taxpayer and parent(s) are 60 years or above, the maximum deduction available under this section is up to Rs.1 lakh.
Deduction under this section is available to a resident individual on:
a. Expenditure incurred on medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of handicapped dependent relative
b. Payment or deposit to specified scheme for maintenance of handicapped dependent relative.
Where disability is 40% or more but less than 80% – fixed deduction of Rs 75,000.
Where there is severe disability (disability is 80% or more) – fixed deduction of Rs 1,25,000.
Resident individual can claim the deduction under this section for the medical expenses incurred on himself or a dependent relative. The amount of deduction under this section shall be equal to Rs. 40,000 or amount actually paid, whichever is less. But if the amount of medical expense is paid in respect of senior citizen i.e. residential individual having age 60years or more, then the amount of deduction will be Rs. 100,000 or amount actually paid, whichever is less.
The deduction under this section shall be reduced by the amount received by an insurer or employer as reimbursement of the expenses made.
Deduction under this section is available to a resident Individual up Rs. 150,000 if invested in specified assets. Below listed are the investments/contributions eligible for deduction:
The above list only includes some important deductions.
Deduction to an individual for any amount paid or deposited in any annuity plan of LIC or any other insurer is provided under this section. The plan must be for receiving a pension from a fund referred to in Section 10(23AAB). The maximum allowable deduction is Rs. 15,0,000.
This section allows deduction in respect of the amount paid to the pension scheme notified by Central Government. Maximum deduction one can avail is 10% of salary (in case the taxpayer is an employee) or 20% of gross total income (in case the taxpayer being self-employed).
Section 80CCD (1B) provides an additional deduction of up to Rs 50,000 for the amount deposited by a taxpayer to their NPS account.
Section 80CCD (2) allows additional deduction on your contribution to employee’s pension account for up to 10% of your salary.
This section allows a deduction up to Rs. 10,000 against interest income from your savings account with a bank, co-operative society, or post office. Deduction is not available on interest income from fixed deposits, recurring deposits, or interest income from corporate bonds.
This section allows a deduction up to Rs. 50,000 to the senior citizens against interest income on deposits with a bank, co-operative society, or post office.
The deduction available under this section is the least of the following, subject to the conditions that the taxpayer should not have self-occupied residential property in any other place, must be living on rent and paying rent etc:
Actual Rent paid minus 10% of the total income before allowing the deduction, or
Rs. 5000/- per month, or
25% of such income (arrived after making all deductions under Chapter VI-A but before making any deduction under this section)